Canon Digital Camera Features Overview
Canon is one of the major players in the digital cameras industry. There's an endless debate between photographers about who makes the best cameras: Canon or Nikon. This article is not yet another debate on this old issue, but an overview of Canon digital camera product lines and models. If you are already a Canon fan but you don't know which particular model to choose, keep on reading and hopefully by the end of the article you'll know.
First of all you need to know that Canon offers two major product lines. One is Canon PowerShot and it includes point and shoot cameras. The other one is Canon EOS and it includes their DSLR models. DSLR cameras are also divided into two main segments: entry-level and professional. This makes sense because if you are just beginning to learn photography, you might not need all functions of a top notch camera, so why pay for all of them when you can get a camera with less functions but cheaper?
There would be further differentiation inside each product line, depending on what features are most important for you. For instance, if you care a lot about the zoom but don't worry too much about depth of field or camera size, you might want to take a closer look at Canon Digital Camera PowerShot SX500 which features a 30x optical stabilized zoom. An important fact to consider: when you research the zoom of various cameras, always compare optical zoom and not digital zoom. The optical zoom is the physical ability of the camera lens, while the digital one is only obtained through the software. Digital zoom is just like zooming in Photoshop, so it's not a plus if the camera does it for you directly. Optical zoom will help you enhance subjects that are very far away and yet preserve the resolution of the image. This is what you want.
All modern point and shoot Canon digital camera models will offer you the possibility to take great photos without having to learn about focal, aperture, depth of field, or other things like that. These little cameras come with presets that you only have to choose and shoot in order to have the right settings for that specific event. For instance, if you're shooting a sunset landscape, you just need to choose the Sunset preset and all parameters will be automatically adjusted to match the lighting conditions of that particular scenery.
On the other hand, when we talk about DSLR cameras, we enter a whole new world. Functions that didn't matter for vacation photographers are now important, and they can make a difference. Let's take one example: if you are a macro photographer and you need to take lots of photos of little insects in the grass, you'll need to hold your camera at grass level. If the LCD screen is fixed, you'll need to lie on your belly. If you get a Canon 60D camera, you'll be able to take advantage of its swivel LCD display to adjust the viewing angle.
A point of difference between various DSLR camera models is the sensor size. There are three possible sizes: Full Frame, APS-C and Four-Thirds. The sensor size relates to how much scenery one can capture in a photo. You probably noticed that you can see more in one go with your eyes than actually appears in a photo of the same landscape. A Full Frame sensor will enable you to capture the maximum area. Full Frame is the largest size and cameras that have it are the most expensive. Canon EOS Mark II and Mark III are the full frame sensor cameras from Canon, as well as Canon EOS 1D. They come with a price tag in the range of several thousands of US dollars. If you are not a professional, chances are you won't need a Full Frame sensor at all, so you may be fine with an APS-C one, which you can find in models such as Canon EOS Rebel T3i or T4i, models which cost less than $1000 US.
Sometimes, differences between consecutive models of the same product range are minor. For instance, the difference between Canon 500D and Canon 550D is the swivelling LCD screen. All other characteristics are the same, so if you don't need this enhancement, get the 500D and save some money or buy some more accessories with it.
Most photographers will carry two cameras with them. They will have the large DSLR for professional photos, but for quick snapshots of real life situations, they will probably use a point and shoot because of its reduced size and portability. For such people, Canon G1 X might be just perfect. It is a compact camera featuring a large sensor and a zoom lens. Actually the whole G series offers features that can please amateurs as well as professionals who are addicted to Canon gear.
This is only a brief overview of Canon digital cameras and it aims to be a starting point for your research, in order to help you understand what you should look for in a camera.
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